Agriculture in Nigeria has greatly improved in the past few years because of the advent of technology and other necessary infrastructures.
Growth in agricultural output has no doubt been on the rise as farmer are stepping away from subsistence agriculture and embracing modern civilization – investing in large scale farming and ultimately increasing agricultural products.
There is a lot to be proud of in Nigeria, and below are some of the impressive facts.
The Nigerian soil and climatic condition is very suitable for the production of wide verities of crops.
- Nigeria agricultural products fall into two main groups: food crops like yam, maize, millet, sorghum, beans, potatoes, rice, onions garbage, carrot etc, produced for home consumption and exports crops like cocoa, cotton, groundnuts, oil palm, rubber, cassava etc.
- Farming in Nigeria is often of the subsistence variety, characterized by simple tools and shifting cultivation. These small farms produce about 80% of the total food in the country.
- In terms of employment, agriculture is by far the most important sector of Nigeria’s economy, engaging about 70% of the labor force. Statistics show that women contribute more than 70 percent of the labor force in the sector. 60 percent of those in food processing are also women, while 50 percent are involve in animal husbandry.
- Despite many years of neglect agriculture in Nigeria still contributes over 30 percent of the Nigeria total GDP.
- Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of cassava, producing enough to feed Nigerians and for export.
- Over the years, Nigeria has dropped from its position as the world’s largest exporter of cocoa to fourth place behind Cote D’ Ivoire, Indonesia and Ghana. Cocoa is still the leading non-oil foreign exchange earner as Nigeria has the potential to produce over 300,000 tons of cocoa beans per year.
- From independence till 1972, Nigeria was consistently Africa’s largest producer and the world’s largest exporter of groundnut, which was the second highest foreign exchange earner after cocoa.
- Of Nigeria’s 91 million hectares of total landmass, about 82 million is arable land while over 30 million hectares (76 million acres), or 33% of Nigeria’s landmass is classified as suitable for long-term cultivation.