Agro Nuggets

Facts about Tomatoes

Tomato, a pulpy nutritious fruit commonly eaten as vegetable, easy to grow and is becoming a more popular crop as a couple of tomato plants will produce hundreds of fruit.

Botanically, tomato belongs to Solanaceae or nightshade family of common vegetables, which also includes chili pepperspotatoeggplant, etc.

This vegetable of Central America has seized the attention of millions of health seekers for its incredible phyto-chemical properties. Interestingly, it has more health-benefiting compounds than that of some popular fruits.

Below are some interesting facts about this prolific plant:

  • There are over 7,500 varieties of tomato, which comes in a variety of colors including red, pink, yellow and white.
  • Tomato has powerful medicinal properties. It can lower the risk of cancer, prevents cardiovascular diseases, purifies cigarette smoke carcinogens, full of minerals and vitamins, lowers hypertension, regulates blood levels, dissolves gallstones, reduces severity of blood clots, treats inflammation, and more.
  • Tomatoes are the richest source of lycopene which is important for the health of the prostate gland in men.
  • Tomatoes rapidly lose their Vitamin C if sunlight can reach them while they are stored.
  • Tomatoes can keep longer if you store them with their stem down.
  • Sometimes tomatoes are picked green and dosed with ethylene gassed on their way to the supermarket. This way when they arrive, they are ripe.
  • Green tomatoes will ripe if you store them together with apples. Released ethylene gas will provide perfect conditions to ripen faster. If you don’t have apples, you can loosely wrap them in newspapers and leave them for a week or two.
  • 5% of tomato’s weight is water and it increase in weight as they ripen, even after harvesting.
  • The heaviest tomato weighed 3.51 kg, the largest tomato plant reached 19.8 meters, and biggest tomato tree managed to grow 32 thousand tomatoes that weight 522 kg.
  • Refrigeration decreases flavor and quality of tomatoes.
  • Leaves of tomato plant are toxic.




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